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What Is Erectile Dysfunction

Apr 20, 2022

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What Is Erectile Dysfunction

A man’s sexual difficulties can be related to several physiological disorders. Erectile dysfunction is one of the best-known and most common sexual illnesses affecting the male population.  This disorder refers to the inability of the male’s penis to achieve and maintain sufficient stiffness for satisfactory intercourse. In simpler terms, erectile dysfunction is the inability of the male organ to maintain an erection that lasts long enough to ejaculate inside a vagina.

Previously known as impotence, erectile dysfunction can happen in one of two major ways, namely (1) a male has no erection at all or (2) a male loses the erection during intercourse, even before ejaculation takes place. A male is considered to have the disease if he is not able to initiate or maintain a penile erection in around fifty percent of his intercourse attempts. For most of the time, it is only a temporary condition that disappears in time, even without any treatment at all. For others, E.D. is an ongoing illness that requires medical management.

How a Penile Erection Naturally Happens

The male genital organ is made up of two chambers called corpora cavernosa, which also run for the entire length of the organ. A spongy tissue surrounds these chambers and is made up of fibrous cells, smooth muscles, arteries, veins and spaces. The erection process starts with a mental or sensory stimulation. Nerve impulses cause the muscles in the chambers to relax to allow for more blood flow into the area. This blood creates pressure in the chamber, allowing it to expand. The tunica albuginea traps blood in the chambers, thus sustaining its erection.

Causes of Male Impotence

Erectile dysfunction, or E.D., is often the result of other physical illnesses. Penile erections are usually the result of a complex play among the body’s nervous system, muscles, hormones, and blood vessels. E.D. can be an accompanying symptom of physiologic illnesses, such as coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, circulatory and other neurological defects. E.D. can also be caused by surgery or other genital malformations near the pelvic area. The excessive consumption of alcohol, nicotine and some drugs can also result in the disorder occurring.

E.D.: Is it all in his Mind?

Until recently, psychological factors were often blamed for most E.D. cases. Impotent males were often offered unhelpful advice, such as  “do not worry” or “relax, and the condition will go away on its own.” With the latest medical improvements, physical factors are now some of the most common causes of E.D., along with an impaired mind and body connection.

How Common Is E.D.?

Erectile dysfunction happens in more than fifty percent of males over the age of fifty and more than thirty-three percent of the adult male population. Regardless of its cause, E.D. can be a major self-esteem downer and may also harm a man’s relationships, especially with the opposite sex. E.D. is something really common. Almost every male has an occasional erectile problem in his lifetime. In the U.S.A. alone, there are around twenty-million men who are affected by E.D.